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杨宇学简介
       杨宇学,1987年参加工作,本科学历,中学高级教师;
       现任江苏省苏州实验中学教科室主任、苏州高新区“高中英语名师工作室”领衔人、苏州大学外国语学院实习指导教师、苏州科技大学外国语学院英语系兼职指导教师。
 
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试题——2018年天津高考卷
发布时间:2018-08-19 19:23:00  发布人:

 

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津
英      语
本试卷分为第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共130分,考试用时100分钟。第I卷1至10页。第II卷11至12页。
答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考号填写在答题卡上,并在规定位置粘贴考试用条形码。答卷时,考生务必将答案涂写在答题卡上,答在试卷上的无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
祝各位考生考试顺利!
I
注意事项:
1. 每小题选出答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。
2. 本卷共55小题,共95分。
第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
例:Stand over there___________ you’ll be able to see it better.
    A. or      B. and         C. but       D. while
答案是B
1. — Wasnt Joan supposed to be here by now?
   — _____. She will be here in about twenty minutes.
  A. All rightB. Dont worryC. No wonderD. Enjoy yourself
2. Kate, _____ sister I shared a room with when we were at college, has gone to work in Australia.
A. whom  B. that C. whose   D. her
3. At first Robert wouldnt let his daughter go diving, but eventually he _____ as she was so confident about her skills.
A. gave in  B. dressed up C. broke in   D. turned up
4. Lets not pick these peaches until this weekend _____  they get sweet enough to be eaten.
A. ever since  B. as if C. even though   D. so that
5. — Im moving in a few days and I wonder if you could help.
— _____. Just let me know when, and Ill be there.
  A. You bet B. It depends   C. Forget it D. No kidding
6. The _____ that there is life on other planets in the universe has always 
inspired scientists to explore the outer space.
A. advice B. order C. possibility D. invitation
7. I need a new passport so I will have to have my photograph _____.
A. taking B. taken C. being taken D. take
8. It took him a long time to _____ the skills he needed to become a good dancer.
A. display B. acquire    C. teach D. test
9. The gold medal will be awarded to _____ wins the first place in the bicycle race.
A. whomever B. wherever C. whoever D. whatever
10.  I cant find my purse. I _____ it in the supermarket yesterday, but Im not sure.
  A. should leave B. must have left 
C. might leave  D. could have left
11. Bob thought he couldnt go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went _____.
  A. at first   B. after all C. above all       D. at random
12. I didnt mean _____ anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldnt help _____ it.
A. to eat; to try  
B. eating; trying   
C. eating; to try  
D. to eat; trying
13. My washing machine _____ this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.
A. was repaired  
B. is repaired   
C. is being repaired    
D. has been repaired
14. It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house _____ we saw Lily in the passenger seat.
   A. which           B. that         C. when          D. where
15. If we _____ the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach now.
A. had caught       B. caught      C. have caught    D. would catch
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的 A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own  l6 .
I learned this lesson from a(n)  l7  many years ago. I took the head  l8  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.
 It was a tradition for the school’s old team to play against the  l9   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didn’t even practice to  20  the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldn’t  21  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  22  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  23  me. I had to change my  24  about their ability and potential.
 I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  25 . Most important, I began to treat them like  26 . That summer, when the other teams enjoyed their  27 , we met every day and  28  passing and kicking the football.
  Six months after suffering our  29  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  30 . Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  31  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasn’t what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  32  of my life!
 From the experience I learned a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  33  the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  34  them. I helped them to see themselves  35 , and they built themselves into winners.
  Winners are made, not born.
16.  A. luckB. testsC. effortsD. nature
17.  A. experimentB. experience     C. visit  D. show
18.  A. operating   B. editing    C. consulting  D. coaching
19.  A. successful   B. excellent      C. strong  D. new
20.  A. cheer for    B. prepare for      C. help with  D. finish with
21.  A. believe     B. agree     C. describe  D. regret
22.  A. realize      B. claim       C. permit  D. demand
23.  A. reacting to  B. looking for    C. depending on    D. caring about
24.  A. decision     B. attitude       C. conclusion  D. intention
25.  A. pride  B. culture  C. fortune     D. relationship
26.  A. leaders  B. partners      C. winners     D. learners
27.  A. rewards    B. vacations  C. health     D. honor
28.  A. risked  B. missed  C. considered     D. practiced
29.  A. defeat  B. decline  C. accident     D. mistake
30.  A. relax  B. improve     C. expand     D. defend
31.  A. shame  B. burden      C. victory  D. favor
32.  A. chances  B. thrills  C. concerns  D. offers
33.  A. surprise    B. serve     C. interest  D. affect
34.  A. encouragedB. observed  C. protected  D. impressed
35.  A. honestly  B. individually     C. calmly  D. differently
第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)
     阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Fire Prevention Information
The University of Adelaide employs a full-time staff of fire prevention professionals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler (喷水灭火装置) systems, fire alarms, and fire extinguishers (灭火器). They also provide educational programs on fire safety in the residence halls. Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.
Fire Alarms
The floors of all campus buildings are equipped with manual (手动的) fire
alarm systems which include fire alarm pull stations and pipes. Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting of heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers. For your safety, never tamper
with (胡乱摆弄) these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead to imprisonment.
Fire Drills
A fire drill will be conducted in your residence hall every semester. During a
fire drill, please do the following:
 Take your room key and ID, close and lock the door to your room.
 Exit immediately from the nearest emergency exit; do not use a lift.
 Meet outside of your residence hall and wait for further instructions.
Fire Extinguishers
Fire extinguishers are located on each floor and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher only if you have been trained to do so. Irresponsible use of a fire extinguisher can create a dangerous situation for other residents and could result in damage to personal property. Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines.
Smoke Detectors
A smoke detector is on the ceiling in your room. Some buildings also have heat detectors on the ceilings. Do the following to ensure the safe 
operation of your smoke detector:
 If your smoke detector is working properly, the red light should be on. lf the red light is not blinking (闪动), contact residence hall staff immediately.
 Do not cover or block your smoke detector in any way.
 If a smoke detector sets off an alarm and there is no fire or smoke, inform 
your hall staff.
36. What is the main duty of the fire prevention professionals?
A. To provide part-time jobs for students.
B. To lead the students to the nearest exits.
C. To check and maintain fire prevention equipment.
D. To train teachers to be fire prevention professionals.
37. What do the automatic fire alarm systems include?
A. Pipes and smoke detectors.
B. Smoke detectors and sprinklers.
C. Fire alarm pull stations and pipes.
D. Sprinklers and fire alarm pull stations.
38. In a fire drill, the students should _____.
A. rush quickly to a lift
B. gather at the nearest exit
C. shut the door and leave at once
D. wait for instructions in the hall
39. What do we know about the use of fire extinguishers?
A. Using them wrongly results in punishment.
B. Irresponsible use of them can damage them.
C. Improper use of them can destroy the apartment.
D. Using them without a trainer present is forbidden.
40. To ensure  the safe operation of the smoke detector, one should ______.
A. contact the hall staff regularly
B. cover the things that burn easily
C. start the smoke detector in a fire
D. make certain the red light is working
 
B
When I was 17, I read a magazine article about a museum called the McNay, once the home of a watercolorist named Marian McNay. She had requested the community to turn it into a museum upon her death. On a sunny Saturday, Sally and I drove over to the museum. She asked, “Do you have the address?” “No, but I’ll recognize it, there was a picture in the magazine.”
“Oh, stop. There it is!”
 The museum was free. We entered, excited. A group of people sitting in the hall stopped talking and stared at us.
“May I help you?” a man asked. “No,” I said. “We’re fine.” Tour guides got on my nerves. What if they talked a long time about a painting you weren’t that interested in? Sally had gone upstairs. The people in the hall seemed very nosy (爱窥探的), keeping their eyes on me with curiosity. What was their problem? I saw some nice sculptures in one room. Suddenly I sensed a man standing behind me. “Where do you think you are?” he asked. I turned sharply. “The McNay Art Museum!” He smiled, shaking his head. “Sorry, the McNay is on New Braunfels Street.” “What’s this place?” I asked, still confused. “Well, it’s our home.” My heart jolted (震颤). I raced to the staircase and called out, “Sally! Come down immediately!”
“There’s some really good stuff (艺术作品) up there.” She stepped down, looking confused. I pushed her toward the front door, waving at the family, saying, “Sorry, please forgive us, you have a really nice place.” Outside, when I told Sally what happened, she covered her mouth, laughing. She couldn’t believe how long they let us look around without saying anything.
The real McNay was splendid, but we felt nervous the whole time we were there. Van Gogh, Picasso. This time, we stayed together, in case anything else unusual happened.
Thirty years later, a woman approached me in a public place. “Excuse me, did you ever enter a residence, long ago, thinking it was the McNay Museum?”
“Yes. But how do you know? We never told anyone.”
“That was my home. I was a teenager sitting in the hall. Before you came over, I never realized what a beautiful place I lived in. I never felt lucky before. You thought it was a museum. My feelings about my home changed after that. I’ve always wanted to thank you.”
41. What do we know about Marian McNay?
A. She was a painter.
B. She was a community leader.
C. She was a museum director.
D. She was a journalist.
42. Why did the author refuse the help from the man in the house?
A. She disliked people who were nosy.
B. She felt nervous when talking to strangers.
C. She knew more about art than the man.
D. She mistook him for a tour guide.
43. How did the author feel about being stared at by the people in the hall?
A. Puzzled.                       B. Concerned.
C. Frightened.                    D. Delighted.
44. Why did the author describe the real McNay museum in just a few 
words?
A. The real museum lacked enough artwork to interest her.
B. She was too upset to spend much time at the real museum.
C. The McNay was disappointing compared  with the house.
D. The event happening in the house was more significant.
45. What could we learn from the last paragraph?
A. People should have good taste to enjoy life.
B. People should spend more time with their family.
C. People tend to be blind to the beauty around them.
D. People tend to educate teenagers at a museum.
C
There’s a new frontier in 3D printing that’s beginning to come into focus: food. Recent development has made possible machines that 
print, cook, and serve foods on a mass scale. And the industry isn’t 
stopping there.
Food production
With a 3D printer, a cook can print complicated chocolate sculptures 
and beautiful pieces for decoration on a wedding cake. Not everybody can 
do thatit takes years of experience, but a printer makes it easy. 
A restaurant in Spain uses a Foodini to “re-create forms and pieces” of food that are “exactly the same, ” freeing cooks to complete other tasks. 
In another restaurant, all of the dishes and desserts it serves are 3D-printed, rather than farm to table.
Sustainability (可持续性)
The global population is expected to grow to 9.6 billion by 2050, and   
some analysts estimate that food production will need to be raised by 50 percent to maintain current levels. Sustainability is becoming a 
necessity. 3D food printing could probably contribute to the solution. 
Some experts believe printers could use hydrocolloids (水解胶体) from plentiful renewables like algae (藻类) and grass to replace the familiar 
ingredients (烹饪原料). 3D printing can reduce fuel use and emissions. 
Grocery stores of the future might stock “food” that lasts years on end, 
freeing up shelf space and reducing transportation and storage 
requirements.
Nutrition
     Future 3D food printers could make processed food healthier. Hod Lipson, a professor at Columbia University, said, “Food printing could
allow consumers to print food with customized nutritional content, like 
vitamins. So instead of eating a piece of yesterday’s bread from the supermarket, you’d eat something baked just for you on demand.”
Challenges
Despite recent advancements in 3D food printing, the industry has many challenges to overcome. Currently, most ingredients must be changed to a paste(糊状物)before a printer can use them, and the printing process is quite time-consuming, because ingredients interact with each other in very complex ways. On top of that, most of the 3D food printers now are restricted to dry ingredients, because meat and milk products may easily go bad. Some experts are skeptical about 3D food printers, believing they are better suited for fast food restaurants than homes and high-end restaurants.
46. What benefit does 3D printing bring to food production?
A. It helps cooks to create new dishes.
B. It saves time and effort in cooking.
C. It improves the cooking conditions.
D. It contributes to restaurant decorations.
47. What can we learn about 3D food printing from Paragraph 3?
A. It solves food shortages easily.
B. It quickens the transportation of food.
C. It needs no space for the storage of food.
D. It uses renewable materials as sources of food.
48. According to Paragraph 4, 3D-printed food       .
A. is more available to consumers
B. can meet individual nutritional needs
C. is more tasty than food in supermarkets
D. can keep all the nutrition in raw materials
49. What is the main factor that prevents 3D food printing from spreading widely?
A. The printing process is complicated.
B. 3D food printers are too expensive.
C. Food materials have to be dry.
D. Some experts doubt 3D food printing.
50. What could be the best title of the passage?
A. 3D Food Printing: Delicious New Technology
B. A New Way to Improve 3D Food Printing
C. The Challenges for 3D Food Production
D. 3D Food Printing: From Farm to Table
D
Give yourself a test. Which way is the wind blowing? How many kinds of wildflowers can be seen from your front door? If your awareness is as sharp as it could be, you’ll have no trouble answering these questions.
    Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults. A child’s day is filled with fascination, newness and wonder. Curiosity gave us all a natural awareness. But distinctions that were sharp to us as children become unclear, we are numb (麻木的) to new stimulation (刺激), new ideas. Relearning the art of seeing the world around us is quite simple, although it takes practice and requires breaking some bad habits.
    The first step in awakening senses is to stop predicting what we are going to see and feel before it occurs. This blocks awareness. One chilly night when I was hiking in the Rocky Mountains with some students, I mentioned that we were going to cross a mountain stream. The students began complaining about how cold it would be. We reached the stream, and they unwillingly walked ahead. They were almost knee-deep when they realized it was a hot spring. Later they all admitted they’d felt cold water at first.
    Another block to awareness is the obsession (痴迷) many of us have with naming things. I saw bird watchers who spotted a bird, immediately looked it up in field guides, and said, “a ruby-crowned kinglet” and checked it off. They no longer paid attention to the bird and never learned what it was doing.
The pressures of “time” and “destination” are further blocks to awareness. I encountered many hikers who were headed to a distant camp-ground with just enough time to get there before dark. It seldom occurred to them to wander a bit, to take a moment to see what’s around them. I asked them what they’d seen. “Oh, a few birds,” they said. They seemed bent on their destinations.
    Nature seems to unfold to people who watch and wait. Next time you take a walk, no matter where it is, take in all the sights, sounds and sensations. Wander in this frame of mind and you will open a new dimension to your life.
51. According to Paragraph 2, compared with adults, children are more
       .
A. anxious to do wonders
B. sensitive to others’ feelings
C. likely to develop unpleasant habits
D. eager to explore the world around them
52. What idea does the author convey in Paragraph 3?
A. To avoid jumping to conclusions.
B. To stop complaining all the time.
C. To follow the teacher’s advice.
D. To admit mistakes honestly.
53. The bird watchers’ behavior shows that they        .
A. are very patient in their observation
B. are really fascinated by nature
C. care only about the names of birds
D. question the accuracy of the field guides
54. Why do the hikers take no notice of the surroundings during the journey?
A. The natural beauty isn’t attractive to them.
B. They focus on arriving at the camp in time.
C. The forest in the dark is dangerous for them.
D. They are keen to see rare birds at the destination.
55. In the passage, the author intends to tell us we should        .
A. fill our senses to feel the wonders of the world
B. get rid of some bad habits in our daily life
C. open our mind to new things and ideas
D. try our best to protect nature
 
 
绝密★启用前
2018年普通高等学校招生全国统考试天津卷
英语  笔试
注意事项:
1. 用黑色墨水的钢笔或签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。
2. 本卷共6小题,共35分。
第三部分: 写作
第一节: 阅读表达共5小题每小题2分,满分10分
阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。
    Some people live to climb the highest mountains. Some people live only dreaming about it while others live to avoid ever climbing at all. But One thing is certain, all people encounter mountains in their life.
    When I was a little girl, my family moved to a tiny town at the bottom of a big mountain. One day after school, while exploring the green woods of this magnificent mountain, I almost fell on a set of stairs. What could these steps lead to? Curiosity got the best of me as I knew it would be starting to get dark soon. I started climbing up those strangely mysterious steps.
    I climbed and climbed. There was nothing but just green bushes and these steps. I had to reach the top! But it was now getting real dark. If I kept going I might not be able to see my way back. My mum would be worried sick if I didn’t come home soon. So I ran back home almost in the dark while trying not to get too scared.
    Anxiously I went to bed dreaming about what I would find at the top of this magical mountain. Could there be a castle up there? Maybe I would find a monster (怪物) . Maybe I was taking the risk of never coming back home. Or, maybe all I would find was absolutely nothing! But something inside me was going to climb that mountain at all cost. I could hardly wait to try this adventure again.
    Now we live in a world surrounded by the “can’t do” attitudes. We all fall down. We all have doubts and regrets. Still we must climb and dream about what’s at the top of our mountain. Monsters may appear or the night will fall. But never ever give up on your dream! Never let anyone tell you, “You can’t.” Dream big and climb high!
56. What made the author start to climb up the stairs to the mountain top? (no more than 5 words)
57. Why did the author hurry back home without reaching the top of the mountain? Give two reasons. (no more than 15 words)
58. How would you describe the author in terms of personalities according to Paragraph 4? (no more than 10 words)
59. How do you understand the underlined sentence in the last paragraph? (no more than 5 words)
60. What’s your attitude towards the “mountain” in your life? Please explain. (no more than 20 words)
第二节: 书面表达满分25分
61.
    假设你是晨光中学的机器人兴趣小组组长李津,你的美国朋发Chris就读于天津某国际学校,他曾在机器人技能竞赛中获奖。你打算邀请他加入你的团队,参加即将于7月底在天津举行的世界青少年机器人技能竞赛。请根据以下提示代表兴趣小组给他写一封电子邮件。
(1)比赛的时间、地点;(2)邀请他的原因;(3)训练计划将发送其邮箱请他提出建议。
注意:  (1)词数不少于100;(2)可适当加入细节,使内容充实、行文连贯;(3)开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
参考词汇:世界青少年机器人技能竞赛the World Adolescent Robotics Competition
Dear Chris,
I have good news to tell you.                                     
                           此处不能答题                                                                                                                                                                                                    
I’m looking forward to your reply.
                                                          Yours,
Li Jin
绝密★启用前
2018年普通高等学校招生全国统考试天津卷
英语笔试参考答案
Ⅰ卷
第一、二部分(Key to 1~55)
1. B2. C3. A4. D5. A  
6. C7. B8. B9. C10. D  
11.  B12. D13. C14. B15. A
16.  C17. B18. D19. D20. B
21.  A22. A23. C24. B25. A
26.  C27. B28. D29. A30. B
31. C32. B33. D34. A35. D
36.  C37. B38. C39. A40. D
41.  A42. D43. A44. D45. C
46. B47. D48. B49. C50. A
51. D52. A53. C54. B55. A
 
 
Ⅱ卷
第三部分
第一节
Some possible answers:
56. Curiosity made her do so.
Or: The desire to explore.
57. Because it was getting dark, and she didn’t want her mother to worry about her.
Or: Because she was seared, and might not be able to find her/the way back home.
58. She had rich imagination and she was brave.
Or: She was a brave and determined girl with rich imagination.
Or: She was imaginative and determined, and she dared to explore.
Or: She was imaginative, adventurous and determined.
59. We all sometimes fail.
Or: We face failure/defeat/hardships/challenges in life.
Or: There are difficulties/barriers/obstacles in life.
Or: We run into trouble sometimes.
Or: We have trouble in life.
60. I will try to reach my goal because I want to live an exciting life.
Or:I will try to reach/get to the top of the “mountain” because I want to be successful in life.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 



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